As per the Section 259 which offers Power to court to change over bring cases into warrant cases – of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act, a call case can be changed over into a warrant one. According to the Section –

When over the span of the preliminary of “ summons-case identifying with an offense culpable with detainment for a term surpassing a half year, it appears to the Magistrate that in light of a legitimate concern for equity”, the offense ought to be attempted as per the technique for the preliminary of warrant-cases, such Magistrate may continue to re-hear the case in the way gave by this Code to the preliminary of warrant-cases and may re-call any observer who may have been analyzed.[1]

“A warrant-case can’t be changed over into a summons-case”. Anyway a “ summons-case can be changed over into a warrant case[2]”. In the event that the charge uncovers both a warrant case and a gathers case, a warrant case is liked.

In a warrant case charge is to be encircled against the blamed, in a summons-case no charge need be surrounded in a calls case just points of interest of the offense of which the denounced individual is blamed must be passed on to him.

The system for preliminary is contained in section XIX and XX for warrant case and request case separately in Procedure Code.

“A warrant case is characterized to mean a case identifying with an offense culpable with death, detainment forever or detainment for a term not surpassing 2 years”. A bring case is a case identifying with an offense and not being a warrant case.



There are two classifications in which the criminal cases can be characterized on the arrangements set down in the code:-

  • Summon cases: it implies a case identifying with an offense not being a warrant
  • Warrant cases: Means a case identifying with an offense deserving of death, detainment forever or detainment for a term surpassing two years.

H2 The criteria of summon case and warrant case decide the length of discipline in any “offense is culpable with fine of Rs.50/ – at that point” such issue is gather case, an instance of Public Prosecutor v. Hindustan Motors.[3]

The issue of call or warrant regardless doesn’t change the idea of the case, “assuming warrant is given in a gather case it doesn’t put forth the defense a warrant case, if there should arise an occurrence of Padamnath v. Ahmad Dobi.

  1. Cases must be founded upon police report:- “Sec.238 of the code sets out the technique of preliminary of warrant cases organized upon police report and as per it system of preliminary” is as under :-


  1. Duplicate of the police report and different records to be given to the “blamed on the foundation for any warrant” situation when the denounced shows up or brought before an officer at the beginning of the
  2. Release of blamed on baseless charges: – On accepting the “police report and different archives and giving of the denounced the officer will think about each He will be given a sensible chance of hearing to blamed and arraignment (it is generally called charge contention); the officer will analyze the denounced if important. On the off chance that the judge finds that the charge against the denounced is unfounded he will release the blamed under sec.239[5]. He will likewise check the by all appearances of the case. Instance of State v. Sitaram Dayaram-1959.
  • The encircling of charge:- If the officer is of the “sentiment that there is a ground for assuming that the blamed has submitted an offense and is able to attempt such offense which can sufficiently” rebuff the denounced as he would see At that point the charge will be confined against the denounced recorded as a hard copy and preliminary will begin. Instance of Col.S.Kashyap v. Territory of Raj.1971.
  1. Conviction of plea of liable:- if the denounced concedes the justice will record the request and may in his attentiveness convict
  2. Proof for the indictment: – If the blamed will not concede and claims to be attempted, the officer will fix a date for the assessment of the observers, u/s 242, and case State v/s Suwa-1962.
  3. Cases initiated in any case than upon police report:- The strategy of preliminary for Summon cases is less concise in


  1. There is no need of surrounding of formal charge in brings
  2. Blamed can be indicted or
  • Request case can’t be revived after finished
  1. The complainant can pull back his grievance in a gather Its impact would be the vindication of blamed.
  2. In call cases summons are for the most part given to the
  3. Blamed isn’t required to be heard on the topic of sentence in bring
  • In gather cases there is no requirement for contentions for the most part before substance
  • In bring case if the charged concedes the Magistrate will record the supplication and may convict him on that premise under 252.


  • Bharat Petroleum Copr Anr vs M/S Raghav Bharatgas on 30 May, 2012


Chapter XIX of CrPC  manages preliminary of warrant cases by Magistrates established on a police report. Section 240 of CrPC ponders that a charge will be encircled against a denounced in a warrant case, if the Magistrate is of the supposition that there are reason for assuming that the blamed has submitted an offense triable under this Chapter. Chapter  XX manages preliminary of request cases by Magistrates and it is derived from exposed examination of the Procedure as set down for the preliminary of request cases that no conventional charge is required to be encircled by the Magistrate in calls cases. Section 251 visualizes that when in brings cases, the blamed shows up or is brought before the Magistrate, the points of interest of the offense of which he is denounced will be expressed to him and he will be asked whether he confesses or has any barrier to make, yet it will not be important to outline a proper charge. Hence, from the plan as set down in the preliminary of warrant cases and request cases by the Magistrates in CrPC, it is obvious that in warrant cases, a proper charge is encircled, though in brings cases, Magistrate states specifics of the offense to an individual, of which he is a denounced. So far as the strategy set down for the preliminary of warrant cases,is concerned, it is significant to bring up that when the blamed doesn’t concede to the charge and claims to be attempted, the Magistrate is required to continue to accept all such proof as might be created on the side of the indictment. So also, in brings cases likewise, when the denounced doesn’t concede to the charge, the Magistrate is required to continue to hear arraignment and accept all such proof as might be delivered on the side of the indictment and furthermore to hear the blamed and accept all such proof as he creates with all due respect. Therefore, the fundamental contrast between the preliminary of request cases and warrant cases is just this much that the conventional charge isn’t confined against the denounced in a brings case.


  • Ramesh Sethi And Others vs Kumari Babita Naik And Another on 2 May, 2017


Mr. Keswani, notwithstanding, fights that section 198 gives that the discernment of the case must be assumed the grievance of an individual distressed and the main special case to this general standard is the place the complainant is a lady, who as indicated by the traditions and habits of the nation, should not to be constrained to show up openly, or where such individual is younger than eighteen years or is a moron or neurotic, or is from disorder or ailment unfit to submit a question. “He battles that what applies to the commencement of the procedure should likewise apply to the duration of the procedure. He presents that if comprehension couldn’t be taken except if a grievance was made in the way gave in the segment, the court can’t continue with the request except if a similar condition keeps on existing. At the end of the day, on the grounds that the segment demands a grievance of an individual abused, Mr. Keswani battles that proceeded with nearness of the individual oppressed all through the preliminary is likewise important to keep the court put with its locale aside from in the conditions referenced in the stipulation and outlined previously. We don’t concur. The area makes a bar which must be expelled before insight is taken. When the bar is evacuated, in light of the fact that the correct individual has documented a grievance, the segment works itself out. On the off chance that some other limitation was additionally there, the Code would have said as much. Not having said as much, one must regard the area as satisfied and worked out. There is nothing in the Code or in Chapter XVIII which says what, assuming any, outcome would follow if the complainant stays missing at any resulting hearing in the wake of documenting the protest. Right now XVIII is unmistakably not at all like the Chapters managing the preliminary of request and warrant situations where it is explicitly given what outcome follows on the nonappearance of the complainant.”


[1] Ratanlal and Dheerajlal, ‘The Code of Criminal Procedure’

[2] Section 259

[3]Public Prosecutor v. Hindustan Motor,Andhra Pradesh-1970

[4] Padamnath v. Ahmad Dobi-1970


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