Introduction to Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on eleventh December 2019, and in the wake of accepting the consent from the President of India on twelfth December 2019, the bill expected the status of a demonstration.

When the bill was passed in the Parliament, it carried alongside it a circumstance of significant distress and fights in the Northern Part of the nation and the Northeastern territory of Assam. Although the reasons in both these parts were extraordinary, yet what was comparable was the Citizenship (Amendment) Act.

Quickly, the Amendment currently gives Citizenship to unlawful outsiders who had entered India previously or on the 31st of December 2014 of the accompanying religions, Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian, from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.

The Criteria set by the legislature here was that strict minorities who confronted abuse in Islamic nations ought to be given haven, and which is the reason illicit settlers from the 3 Islamic Countries are currently given Indian Citizenship.

In the History of our Country’s Law and Statutes, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 is the first which Discriminates based on Religion. embolism has referenced no place, and they are not considered as minorities by the legislature in the current circumstance as the three nations from where unlawful outsiders are being allowed Indian Citizenship are Islamic Countries as indicated by their Constitution, and the administration asserts that in what capacity would Muslims be able to be minorities in an Islamic Country.

The execution of the CAA prompted different results over the entire Country. Because of the flare-up of the Pandemic Covid-19, the circumstance in the Country went under control. Be that as it may, will the Act lead to more intricacies and savagery once we come out of the Pandemic?

What is the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 went about as fuel to the fire in the pressures between the Hindu and Muslim people group of India. CAA came out to be the first historically speaking act that separated individuals based on religion, which was not invited heartily by the Opposition Parties, and by the Muslim populace in our nation. It likewise comprised of individuals who see themselves as Secular and have confidence in secularism.

The word Secular was included in our Preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment. This implied India has no official religion and that it isolates the intensity of the state from religion. Every single individual of the nation has the option to declare, rehearse, and engender the religion voluntarily. Be that as it may, the inquiry currently being raised is; that is India genuinely a common state?

Intelligent people are likewise raising their voice as it’s been said that the Act damages the essential right of fairness.

Article 14 of the Indian Constitution says that everyone should be treated equally irrespective of their religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. But the Act here does not include Muslims and are silent about them.

Does CAA violate Article 14 of the Indian constitution?

When the bill was presented in the parliament, the northeastern province of Assam responded in an exceptionally unstable way which was considered as Riots by the police and the legislature. The Northern piece of the nation likewise began with quiet fights contradicting the bill which inevitably turned into a demonstration. In any case, the inquiry that surfaces is, regardless of whether the fights were serene? Regardless of whether the purposes behind dissent in the northeastern state and the remainder of the nation were the same?

The Act has been scrutinized widely all through India and by Foreign Officials. Be that as it may, everything has 2 sides or stories to it. The administration asserts that it’s not abusing any of the current laws in the nation and that they presently plan to actualize NRC (National Register of Citizens) in the entire Country.

NRC would keep a rely on the real residents of the nation, and those excluded from the NRC would be considered as Illegal Immigrants. This presentation by the Home Minister, in regards to NRC, made the Muslim people group believe that the current government is attempting to get rid of the Muslims of India. NRC again resembled a fuel to the progressing fire.

Understanding the amendment act

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill was talked about by the Union Cabinet and was in the long run cleared for presentation on fourth December 2019 in the Lower House of the parliament, which is the Lok Sabha. After which, on the ninth of December, the Home Minister (Amit Shah) presented the bill in Lok Sabha. The bill got went in the Lok Sabha on the 10thof December with 311 votes for the bill and just 80 against it. It was entirely clear that the bill would go, as the current government has a full dominant part in the lower house. Which is the reason the fights had just started in Assam even before the bill was presented?

In the long run, the bill additionally went in the upper house with a lion’s share vote of 125 and 105 against. The bill at that point got the consent of the President and it accepted the status of a demonstration. Inside a time, a span of 4 days, the bill was presented and it turned into an Act. Further, the Act came into power on the tenth of January 2020 after a warning which was given by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Relationship between CAA and NRC

The term NRC (National Register of Citizens) was at first begat in the year 1951 by the legislature. Around then, the Indian national congress was in power. In 1951 the administration had executed the NRC in Assam based on the 1951 Census. Be that as it may, the register was never looked after from that point.

The National Register of Citizens is a report which contains the lawful residents of the nation. The individuals who are excluded from the NRC are considered as illicit outsiders. Such unlawful outsiders would be kept in confinement focuses and would in the long run be extradited from the nation.

After the bombed endeavor in 1951, at long last, the NRC got refreshed for Assam and was distributed on 31 August 2019. Around 1.9 million individuals were considered as unlawful workers in Assam through this NRC.

Further, the Bhartiya Janta Party had vowed to execute the NRC for all of India in its political decision statement in the 2019 Indian general political decision. In the wake of coming into power, the Home Minister, Amit Shah, on the nineteenth of November 2019, proclaimed in the Rajya Sabha that NRC would be executed all through the nation. This didn’t catch the eye of the individuals until the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was presented in the Lok Sabha.

When the bill was presented, the individuals of India began to reprimand this progression that was taken by the administration.

  • Firstly, the individuals in Assam felt sold out as on one hand, the administration had actualized the NRC in Assam to expel illicit foreigners from Bangladesh, yet then again the legislature brought the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill which would now give settlers Indian Citizenship from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
  • Secondly, the Muslim people group in India began to feel that the administration needs to expel all the Muslims from the nation by first actualizing the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and afterward the NRC. Since Muslims who won’t have the option to demonstrate their character through NRC would become illicit settlers under the CAA.

This shows how the Citizenship (Amendment) Act and the National Register of Citizens are connected. As the earlier one awards citizenship to strict minorities (aside from Muslims) from Islamic nations, the last one monitors the lawful residents and in the long run ousts the ones who are not a piece of the register and are henceforth considered as illicit workers. The main network that doesn’t profit by this blend is the Muslims. As once they are considered as illicit settlers, they’ll be left stateless and it is highly unlikely for them to get back their Indian citizenship.


The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 came out to be a dubious one. On one hand, where it is profiting the strict minorities from the 3 Islamic nations, on the other, it is damaging the privilege to balance and is segregating individuals based on their religion.

The progression taken by the administration is no uncertainty a decent one, yet the execution is faulty. As outsiders, regardless of their religion, who originate from Bangladesh into Assam won’t just imperil the indigenous populace of Assam and other northeastern states, yet it will likewise be against the 6th timetable of the Indian Constitution and the Assam Accord. Anyway, the 6th calendar just ensures a few areas of the Northeast, yet it is important to secure all the indigenous individuals in the northeastern state and not only a couple.

NRC is a greater danger for the tranquility of the nation contrasted with the CAA, because fights in the remainder of the nation, aside from the northeast, were essentially identified with the usage of NRC in the entire nation. The blend of both CAA and NRC would in the end leave the Muslim populace of India stateless.

Things may end up becoming much uglier after the Pandemic closures. The legislature should now attempt to work out systems to deal with further fights that may occur in the nation. The techniques must be inside the extent of the law and ought not to disregard human rights.

Author: Mayank choudhary,
Jagran lakecity university

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